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Allopurinol

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    Allopurinol
  • Allopurinol
Cat No: 10012597
Biochemicals - Small Molecule Inhibitors
Cayman
€33.00
Price is excluding VAT and does not include packaging neither shipping

Xanthine oxidoreductase mediates the successive oxidation of hypoxanthine and xanthine to produce uric acid. The enzyme can interconvert between xanthine dehydrogenase and xanthine oxidase activities through reversible sulfhydryl oxidation on specific ...

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Territorial Availability: Available through Bertin Technologies only in Europe
Synonyms:
  • 1,5-dihydro-4H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-one
Correlated keywords:
  • xanthine oxidoreductase oxidation hypoxanthine uric acids dehydrogenases oxidases superoxides inhibitors inhibition inhibits gout hyperuricemia oxypuriol
Product Overview:
Xanthine oxidoreductase mediates the successive oxidation of hypoxanthine and xanthine to produce uric acid. The enzyme can interconvert between xanthine dehydrogenase and xanthine oxidase activities through reversible sulfhydryl oxidation on specific cysteine residues. Both forms oxidize hypoxanthine and xanthine to uric acid. However the dehydrogenase simultaneously reduces nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide while the oxidase reduces oxygen to superoxide. Allopurinol is an isomer of hypoxanthine that inhibits xanthine oxidoreductase (IC50 values between 0.2 and 50 μM, depending on assay and cell type).{17631,17630} In vivo, allopurinol has been reported to effectively and safely lower serum and urinary uric acid levels and is also reported to be effective in the treatment of gout and hyperuricemia. Allopurinol is rapidly metabolized in vivo to the xanthine analog oxypurinol, which is a metabolite that clearly augments the therapeutic effect of allopurinol.{17632}
Size 25 g
Shipping room temp.
Stability Store at 22 degrees; shelf life 730 days
CAS Number 315-30-0
Molecular Formula C5H4N4O
SMILES O=c1nc[nH]c2[nH]ncc12
Molecular Weight 136,1
Formulation A crystalline solid
Purity ≥98%
Custom Code 2933.59
UNSPSC code 12352100

Cayman Chemical's mission is to help make research possible by supplying scientists worldwide with the basic research tools necessary for advancing human and animal health. Our utmost commitment to healthcare researchers is to offer the highest quality products with an affordable pricing policy.

Our scientists are experts in the synthesis, purification, and characterization of biochemicals ranging from small drug-like heterocycles to complex biolipids, fatty acids, and many others. We are also highly skilled in all aspects of assay and antibody development, protein expression, crystallization, and structure determination.

Over the past thirty years, Cayman developed a deep knowledge base in lipid biochemistry, including research involving the arachidonic acid cascade, inositol phosphates, and cannabinoids. This knowledge enabled the production of reagents of exceptional quality for cancer, oxidative injury, epigenetics, neuroscience, inflammation, metabolism, and many additional lines of research.

Our organic and analytical chemists specialize in the rapid development of manufacturing processes and analytical methods to carry out clinical and commercial GMP-API production. Pre-clinical drug discovery efforts are currently underway in the areas of bone restoration and repair, muscular dystrophy, oncology, and inflammation. A separate group of Ph.D.-level scientists are dedicated to offering Hit-to-Lead Discovery and Profiling Services for epigenetic targets. Our knowledgeable chemists can be contracted to perform complete sample analysis for analytes measured by the majority of our assays. We also offer a wide range of analytical services using LC-MS/MS, HPLC, GC, and many other techniques.

Accreditations
ISO/IEC 17025:2005
ISO Guide 34:2009

Cayman is a leader in the field of emerging drugs of abuse, providing high-purity Schedule I-V Controlled Substances to federally-licensed laboratories and qualified academic research institutions for forensic analyses. We are certified by ACLASS Accreditation Services with dual accreditation to ISO/IEC 17025:2005 and ISO Guide 34:2009.

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